- What is Postpartum Depression?
- How Common is PND?
- Symptoms of Postnatal Depression
- What Causes Postnatal Depression?
- Risk Factors For Postnatal Depression
- Treatment for Postnatal Depression
If you experience any postnatal or postpartum depression symptoms please seek medical advice immediately. Postnatal depression and anxiety are treatable with professional help.
The following post is a general guide to PND and should not be taken as medical advice which is required for PND.
What is Postpartum Depression?
Many women suffer from postnatal depression (PND). Unfortunately unlike some medical illnesses where you can take medicine to help alleviate or eliminate the illness in the short term; the process of acknowledging, diagnosing, receiving treatment, and then recovering from postnatal depression can take a long period of time.
How Common is PND?
According to the National Institutes of Mental Health, studies show that the childbearing years are when a woman is most likely to experience depression in her lifetime and approximately 15% of all women will experience postnatal depression following the birth of a child.
Symptoms of Postnatal Depression
The following Symptoms of PND can occur any time in the first year postnatal:
1. Low self-esteem
8. A feeling of being overwhelmed.
9. Sleep and eating disturbances.
10. Inability to be comforted.
11. Being unable to experience pleasure from activities usually found enjoyable.
12. Social withdrawal.
13. Little or no energy.
14. Becoming easily frustrated.
15. Feeling inadequate in taking care of the baby.
The potential causes of PND are often listed as hormonal changes, genetics, and major life events but this is not conclusive.
Risk Factors For Postnatal Depression
There have been a number of factors suggested to increase the risk of PND:
1. Reduced self-esteem.
2. Childcare or life stress.
3. Low social support.
4. Prenatal depression or anxiety.
5. A personal or family history of depression
6. Moderate to severe premenstrual symptoms.
7. Maternity blues.
8. Previous stillbirth or miscarriage.
9. Formula-feeding rather than breast-feeding.
10. Cigarette smoking.
11. Poor marital relationship or single marital status.
12. Low socioeconomic status.
13. Infant temperament problems/colic.
14. Unplanned pregnancy.
15. Elevated prolactin levels.
16. Oxytocin depletion.
17. Birth-related psychological trauma.
18. Birth-related physical trauma.
Treatment for Postnatal Depression
There is a variety of treatment options available for PND and your treating medical health care provider will help you out here. Treatment may include one or a combination of therapies such as non-pharmacologic therapy or medication.
PANDA – Perinatal Anxiety & Depression Australia
PANDA supports women, men and families across Australia affected by anxiety and depression during pregnancy and early parenthood.
PANDA operates Australia’s only National Helpline for individuals and their families to recover from perinatal anxiety and depression, a serious illness that affects up to one in five expecting or new mums and one in ten expecting or new dads.
PANDA – https://www.panda.org.au/