Risk Factors to Your Health before Pregnancy
Your health before pregnancy can be affected by many factors and lifestyle choices you make on a daily basis. Below I have listed some well-known factors that can cause health problems.
By addressing, managing, reducing or eliminating these factors you will be well on your way to a healthier life. It is important you address all current health issues when you are preparing for pregnancy.
Biomedical Risk Factors
1. High blood pressure
2. High blood cholesterol
3. Being overweight / obesity
4. Impaired glucose tolerance
Behavioural Risk Factors
1. Poor diet and nutrition
3. Physical inactivity
4. Excessive sun exposure
5. Excessive alcohol consumption
6. Insufficient vaccination
7. Unprotected sex
Genetic Risk Factors
There are certain diseases that you may be result entirely from your genetic makeup. These can include cystic fibrosis and muscular dystrophy.
There Are Three Broad Groups Of Genetic Diseases / Disorders:
1. Single gene (monogenic) disorders, for example haemophilia.
2. Chromosomal abnormalities, for example Down syndrome.
3. Multi-factorial diseases, such as asthma.
If you are planning pregnancy, then now is the time to do all you can to get ready for a life-changing experience. When pregnant, you will experience some expected, and also unexpected, body changes. You can reduce the severity and even prevent some changes or health issues by improving your health.